3D Printed Food: An Introduction

Virginia has been learning about 3D printed food for a couple of years now and has had the opportunity to speak about it at a few events. In 2016 she spoke at SXSW - a tech conference in Austin, TX - with a 3D printer, the author of the only book on 3D printed food, and a bakery operations manager about the burgeoning industry.

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Virginia Ingram
Article Summary: Dysphagia Evaluation Practices: Inconsistencies in Clinical Assessment and Instrumental Examination Decision-Making

This study was published in 2003 and sought to identify clinical practice consistencies and clinical decision-making consensus. Three areas of study that were targeted: 1) components of clinical exam most frequently utilized, 2) consistency across clinicians for clinical exam practices, 3) consistency across clinical decision-making with regards to the selection of instrumental vs. non-instrumental procedures given patient scenarios. The study identified four areas of inconsistency in assessment and a high rate of differing opinions on the next step in treatment decisions from patient scenarios provided via the survey.

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Virginia Ingram
D3 Presentation

Heidi and Virginia will be presenting at D3 (Dining, Drinks, and Dysphagia) tonight at 5:30. D3 is a group of clinical SLPs and graduate students in the greater Knoxville, TN area who meet once monthly for lecture and discussion regarding dysphagia

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Virginia Ingram
Article Summary: Rehabilitative Management for Aspiration Pneumonia in Elderly Patients.

This article summary was written after reviewing an article about introducing therapy to prevent aspiration pneumonia. 

The elderly with aspiration pneumonia can be found in home-care, medical, and nursing facilities. Many of these patients develop a “hospital-associated disability” that exacerbates dysphagia and/or aspiration and may result in malnutrition and potentially death. Rehabilitative therapy are reported to be effective in improving overall health outcomes.

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Virginia Ingram
Article Summary: Relationship Between Frequency of Spontaneous Swallowing and Salivary Substance P Level in Patients with Acute Stroke.

This article summary was written after reviewing an article about spontaneous swallowing in stroke patients. The article included information about aspiration pneumonia as it is a common side effect of a stroke. 

When screening for dysphagia, clinicians often look at the spontaneous swallow as an indicator of overall swallow health - particularly for those in the post stroke acute phase.

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Virginia Ingram
Making Dysphagia-Safe Carrots

Virginia made dysphagia safe carrots to see what the process was like for those who are making pureed food more aesthetically appealing to the people they care for. There were a lot of steps and she likes to document things, so she photo'ed the process. 

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Virginia Ingram